“Unlike Windows and Mac, Linux still provides lifelong support for older machines with its various distributions. This is what I like most about Linux and its distributions. Even if you cannot carry out larger tasks, you can still carry out frecuente day-to-day tasks such as web browsing, writing/editing word document, watching movies, or listening to music. So why throw your old machine if you can still make use of it?

So, we will have a look at the best Linux distributions that can be easily used and installed on older computers with minimal hardware. Some of the Linux distributions listed here might be useful for beginners also.

So, let’s get started and have a look at lightweight Linux distros for an old laptop as in 2022.”

1. Arch Linux

Arch Linux is one of the best Linux distros if you’re looking for a lightweight Linux distro that can run smoothly on your old laptop. It doesn’t ships-in with any unnecessary preinstalled packages and applications.

On top of that is a highly customizable Linux distro that can be customized as per your needs. If you go with desktop environments like Xfce and LXQt, then it will help you convert Arch Linux to a lightweight distro. But there is one catch, you can’t install Arch Linux on the 32-bit system as developers of Arch Linux stopped offering 32-bit packages for Arch Linux.

Minimum System Requirements
Processor: 64-bit Architecture
RAM: Min 530 MB
Storage: Min 2GB

2. Ubuntu MATE

Ubuntu MATE is a stable and easy-to-use operating system that comes with a configurable desktop environment. This is a kind of Linux distro that will bring your old unusable computer to life. With modest hardware requirements, it is an ideal distro for older as well as modern-day machines.

The latest release is based on Ubuntu 22.04; it could be a great alternative to Ubuntu, where the computer is not powerful enough to run a composite desktop.

Minimum System Requirements
Processor: Core 2 Duo or Core i3
RAM: 1GB Min
Peripherals: DVD or USB Flash Drive

Get it Here

3. Bunsenlabs Linux Lithium

Bunsenslab Linux Lithium is a lightweight Linux distribution that is ideal for older computers and laptops with minimal hardware on offer. It shops in with an easily customizable Openbox desktop.

Configuration and resource packages are installed on top of Debian. It is a highly customizable Linux distro that can be molded as per your requirements.

Minimum System Requirements
Processor: 32-bit or 64-bit.
RAM: Min 1 GB

Get it Here

4. Slax

Slax is a pocket operating system; yes, this is what the developers call it. Slax is a modern, portable but lightweight operating system that integrates well with older machines and laptops. This Linux distro has a clean and beautiful design.

You can install Slax on a USB flash drive so that you can carry it anywhere in your pocket and run it on any computer. Maybe that’s why they call it a pocket operating system. Slax is based on Debian, which ensures good community support and updates.

Slax ships in with a handful of useful pre-installed applications such as Terminal, Web Browser, and others. It is available in both 32-bit and 64-bit versions. This installation ISO file size is just around 270 MB which makes it an ideal Linux distro for older laptops.

Minimum System Requirements
Processor: i686 or newer
RAM: 128 MB (for desktop use)
512 MB (for web browser use)
Peripherals: CD or USB Drive to boot OS.

Get it here

5. Zorin OS Lite

Zorin OS Lite is another lightweight Linux distro that runs smooth and fast on machines as old as 15 years. This distro has a Windows desktop layout which makes it ideal for Windows users, as this will make the transition from Windows to Linux easier.

It is also an ideal Linux distro for beginners as it has a simple but attractive user interface which makes it easier to use and get used to.

Minimum System Requirements
Processor: 700 MHz Single Core – Intel/AMD 64-bit or 32-bit processor
RAM: 512 MB
Storage: 8 GB
Display: 640 x 480 Resolution

Get it here

6. Linux Lite

Linux Lite is free to use an operating system that is ideal for beginners as well as older computers. It offers a great deal of flexibility as well as usability, which makes it ideal for migrants from the Microsoft Windows operating system.

The user interface is clean and intuitive, which makes it look modern operating system. It is based on Ubuntu LTS and can be updated in just 2 clicks. More than 1000 applications to choose from, which can be installed and used for free.

Minimum System Requirements
Processor: 1 GHz
RAM: 768 MB
Storage: 8 GB
Display: 1024 x 768 Resolution

Get it Here

7. antiX

antiX is a fast and lightweight Linux distro that is based on Debian. It ships with both 32-bit and 64-bit hardware support, which makes it an ideal Linux distro for older computers and laptops.

antiX can also be used as fast booting live operating system using a USB flash drive on any laptop with minimal hardware resources. The latest release is antiX-21 Grup Yorum.

Minimum System Requirements
RAM: Min 128 MB
Storage: Min 5 GB

Get it Here

8. Bodhi Linux

Built on top of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS, Bodhi Linux is a lightweight Linux distribution ideal for older laptops. They call this distribution Enlightened Linux Distribution.

It has a very active and friendly community, so rest assured of seamless support. It is faster compared to other Linux distributions. This distro also ships in with essential apps such as web browsers and terminals.

System Requirement
Processor: 500 MHz (32-bit) and 1.0 GHz (64-bit)
RAM: 512 MB
Storage: 5 GB

Get it here

9. Puppy Linux

Puppy Linux is a lightweight Linux distro that can be easily installed and used on 32-bit and 64-bit older PCs. It can be easily booted from CD, DVD, or USB flash.

One thing that might go against this distro is that it doesn’t come with some necessary apps installed, but it is one of the fastest Linux distros that work effortlessly on older laptops.

System Requirement
Processor: 900 MHz
RAM: 300 MB

GET IT HERE

10. Peppermint OS

Peppermint OS is a lightweight Linux distro well known for its stable and superfast nature. It is a highly customizable distro as it is built on a long-term support code almohadilla.

Community support makes it an ideal OS for beginners as well as older laptops. The user interface is clean and modern, which makes it easier to get used to for newbies.

System Requirement
Processor: Intel x86
RAM: 1 GB
Storage: 20 GB

Get it here

11. Lubuntu

Lubuntu is a very popular lightweight Linux distro. It is a fast and energy-saving operating system which makes it ideal for low-end computers. It comes with an essential suite of apps like office and multimedia apps.

It gives you a complete desktop experience on low-end computers and laptops. The user interface is simple and clean, making it ideal for new users and Windows users.

System Requirement
Processor: Pentium II or Celeron
RAM: 128 MB
Storage: 2 GB

Get it Here

Conclusion

These are the best 11 Linux distros I have found which are best suitable and can be relied on for older laptops in 2022. There are other distros available but might not provide community support and regular updates.



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LISLE, IL., August 3, 2022 — The American Association of Insurance Services (AAIS) and the Linux Foundation welcome Jefferson Braswell as the new Executive Director of the openIDL Project.

“AAIS is excited about the expansion of openIDL in the insurance space openIDL logo and the addition of Jefferson as Executive Director signals even more strength and momentum to the fast-developing project,” said Ed Kelly, AAIS Executive Director. “We are happy to continue to work with the Linux Foundation to help affect meaningful, positive change for the insurance ecosystem.”

“openIDL is a Linux Foundation Open Governance Network and the first of its kind in the insurance industry,” said Daniela Barbosa, Normal Manager of Blockchain, Healthcare and Identity at the Linux Foundation. “It leverages open source code and community governance for objective transparency and accountability among participants with strong executive leadership helping shepherd this type of open governance networks. Jeff Braswell’s background and experience in financial standards initiatives and consortium building aligns very well with openIDL’s next growth and expansion period.“

Braswell has been successfully providing leading-edge business solutions for information-intensive enterprises for over 30 years. As a founding Director, he recently completed a 6-year term on the Board of the Global Legal Entity Identifier Foundation (GLEIF), where he chaired the Technology, Operations and Standards Committee. He is also the Chair of the Algorithmic Contract Types Unified Standards Foundation (ACTUS), and he has actively participated in international financial data standards initiatives.

Previously, as Co-Founder and President of Berkeley-based Risk Management Technologies (RMT), Braswell designed and led the successful implementation of advanced, firm-wide risk management solutions integrated with enterprise-wide data management tools. They were used by  many of the world’s largest financial institutions, including Wells Fargo, Credit Suisse, Chase, PNC, Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation, Mellon, Wachovia, Union Bank and ANZ.

“We appreciate the foundation that AAIS laid for openIDL, and I look forward to bringing my expertise and knowledge to progress this project forward,” shared Braswell. “Continuing the work with the Linux Foundation to positively impact insurance services through open-source technology is exciting and will surely change the industry for the better moving forward.” 

openIDL, an open source, distributed ledger platform, infuses efficiency, transparency and security into regulatory reporting. With openIDL, insurers fulfill requirements while retaining the privacy of their data. Regulators have the transparency and insights they need, when they need them. Initially developed by AAIS, expressly for its Members, openIDL is now being further advanced by the Linux Foundation as an open-source ecosystem for the entire insurance industry.

ABOUT AAIS
Established in 1936, AAIS serves the Property & Casualty insurance industry as the only national nonprofit advisory organization governed by its Member insurance carriers. AAIS delivers tailored advisory solutions including best-in-class policy forms, rating information and data management capabilities for commercial lines, inland marine, farm & agriculture and personal lines insurers. Its consultative approach, unrivaled customer service and modern technical capabilities underscore a focused commitment to the success of its members. AAIS also serves as the administrator of openIDL, the insurance industry’s regulatory blockchain, providing unbiased governance within existing insurance regulatory frameworks. For more information about AAIS, please visit www.aaisonline.com.

ABOUT THE LINUX FOUNDATION

Founded in 2000, the Linux Foundation and its projects are supported by more than 2,950 members. The Linux Foundation is the world’s leading home for collaboration on open source software, hardware, standards, and data. Linux Foundation projects are critical to the world’s infrastructure including Linux, Kubernetes, Node.js, ONAP, Hyperledger, RISC-V, and more. The Linux Foundation’s methodology focuses on leveraging best practices and addressing the needs of contributors, users, and solution providers to create sustainable models for open collaboration. For more information, please visit us at https://linuxfoundation.org.

ABOUT openIDL
openIDL (open Insurance Data Link) is an open blockchain network that streamlines regulatory reporting and provides new insights for insurers, while enhancing timeliness, accuracy, and value for regulators. openIDL is the first open blockchain platform that enables the efficient, secure, and permissioned-based collection and sharing of statistical data. For more information, please visit www.openidl.org.

###

MEDIA CONTACT:

AAIS
John Greene
Director – Marketing & Communications
630.457.3238
johng@AAISonline.com

Linux Foundation

Dan Whiting
Director of Media Relations and Content
202-531-9091
dwhiting@linuxfoundation.org



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“Is there anyone who doesn’t love music? No matter what gadget you use, you always love to listen to music that pleases your ears. Android is the widely used OS in smartphones, and there are several music player applications available on app stores. But many of us get confused while picking up the best music player for our Android device. Several factors must be taken care of while selecting a good music player application. Today we are going to list out the 10 best music players for Android in 2022 that you can use to listen to your favorite music anywhere, anytime.

Not all the applications hosted on the play store are legit, as some of them show a lot of ads while others lag a lot while operating. To avoid you from such malicious applications, we have prepared a well-researched and detailed list of music players for Android. So, let’s have a look.”

1. YouTube Music

YouTube music is one of the best music players for Android devices. The songs are very easy to stream on low internet connectivity too. The interface is finta user-friendly and has a dark theme, too, for night owls like me. As this application is from YouTube itself, you can search for any video/audio uploaded on the YouTube streaming platform.


Many of you might remember the Google Play Music app on Android devices; well, that app is now replaced by the YouTube Music app in the Google suite of apps. To play music in offline mode, enjoy ad-free music, and listen in the audio mode, you need to get a premium subscription.

Key Features

    1. Offline Mode
    2. Audio Only mode
    3. HD Sound Quality

Download Here

2. Spotify

The second pick on our list is Spotify, and it is one of my favorite music players on the Android platform. Basically, the Swedish music streaming app is known for its quality music. When it comes to sound quality, no one is better than Spotify. You can listen to favorite songs, artists, and podcasts. There is a huge collection of songs on this application, and users can easily access the music by searching by song name or artist.


You can sign up for free and start listening to music with some limitations and ads. Getting a premium subscription will help you get rid of annoying ads. It is a very popular music app worldwide, and it keeps getting better with every update.

Key Features

    1. HD Quality Sound
    2. Podcasts
    3. Frequent Update

Download Here

3. Apple Music

Maybe you don’t know that apple music is not only for apple now. It is available on the Android play store too. Apple is known for its premium services and has done exceptionally good work here too. With a huge collection of more than 60 million tracks, you can listen to your favorite songs, create custom playlists and mark your favorite artists.


Nothing comes free from Apple; you will have to pay approx. $10 per month for this application, but it is worth it. You can avail yourself of 3 months free trial, though. It offers Chromecast support to stream your music to any device. Overall, it’s a package that every music loves to have on his/her smartphone.

Key Features

    1. Access to 60 Million Songs
    2. Beats One
    3. Awesome Offers with Verizon

Download Here

4. Poweramp Music Player

PowerAmp is indeed a powerful music player for Android where you can create libraries for family and share. The unique UI gives you a DJ feel, and the equalizer will surely make the best use of your headphones. It has Google assistant integrated for further commands.


If you have a huge collection of audio songs on your device, then you can Install a Poweramp music player to arrange the libraries and share them with your loved ones. The spectrums that display while playing songs are finta attractive. If you are a bass lover, you can create your own equalizer presets too.

Key Features

    • Library Sharing
    • Attractive UI
    • Bass Booster

Download Here

5. Musicolet Music Player

Musicolet Music Player is the only Android player with multiple queues. It is a completely offline music player that doesn’t even use internet permission. It is a simple yet powerful music player to play your favorite music from recinto phone storage.

This music player comes with a collection of stunning widgets so that you can control music from your home screen. The graphical user interface is simple and minimalistic, which gives a great feel and looks impressive.


Musicolet comes with other features such as a tag editor, folder browsing, powerful equalizer, gapless playback, earphone control, and many other useful features for music lovers.

Key Features

    • No Internet, No Ads.
    • Lightweight UI

Download From Here

6. Amazon Music

The Amazon Music player app needs no introduction. This app needs a prime subscription to access its huge collection of music. If you have an amazon subscription already, then you have to download the app and then sign up for your account & you are good to go.


The sound quality is just awesome; it will make perfect use of your headphones. If you don’t remember the song’s name, you just need to enter a lyrics line in the search bar; its intelligent search engine will do the rest for you. This application has been downloaded 100,000,000+ times.

Key Features

    1. HD sound Quality
    2. Subscription has access to all new shows and movies

Download Here

7. Neutron Music Player Application

The neutron Music player is not for corriente users but is good for audiophiles who want to experiment with several audio tweaks that are present within the application. You can make high bass presets for yourself.


This application is a bit underrated but surely serves its purpose smartly. There are 2 versions of this application free and paid. The free one shows you ads, and paid ones have some premium features. If you are looking to do experiments with sounds, then you can have a paid application.

Key Features

    1. Loaded with audio tweaks
    2. Good For making customized presets

Download Neutron Music Player App

8. SoundCloud

SoundCloud is the world’s largest platform for music streaming platform. You can discover and build a playlist from the large pool, i.e., from 300M + songs and 30M+ artists.


While listening to your favorite tracks, you can also upload your own track here. Fan-powered streaming features help you put money into your favorite artists’ pockets to support them. It comes in three variants, SoundCloud Free, SoundCloud Go, and SoundCloud GO+.

Key Features

    • Unique Songs
    • Unique Artists.

Download from Here

9. Resso Music – Songs & Lyrics

Resso Music is another modern-day music player on our list that comes with a beautiful user interface. You can listen to millions of music in different languages and also sync the lyrics of your favorite song.


Using the premium version, you can get access to special features such as unlimited download so that you can listen to your favorite song while your phone is offline, ad-free experience, excellent audio quality at 256 kbps, and unlimited jumps to your favorite songs.

Key Features

    • Share your playlist with the community
    • Diverse podcast channel to match your taste.
    • Personalized music recommendation.

10. CloudPlayer

We all remember the Doubletwist when it ruled iTunes. Now double twist has been replaced by a cloud player app and is on Android. You have many cloud services to access your music files. The sound quality is up to mark. It has got a brilliant equalizer tool, but you need to unlock it by in-app purchases. This app will surely give you an old-school feel while listening to the radiodifusión and podcasts.

Key Features

    1. Can connect to Cloud storage
    2. In-app Air more support

Download CloudPlayer App

So, these are the best music-playing apps for Android smartphones in 2022. If you’re a music lover like me, then you will surely enjoy listening to your favorite music on the above apps.



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RAID, or Redundant Array of Independent Drives (or Disks), is a phrase for information storage techniques that partition and copy data over several hard drives. RAID could be built to improve the validity and reliability of data or I/O efficiency, albeit one purpose may damage the other. RAID systems are software-based and hardware-based, and supported by Linux. You may utilize a variety of RAID levels, each with its own set of benefits, shortcomings, and overarching goals. This comparative article will compare RAID 5 (which employs a parity crisscross method for fault-tolerant) and RAID 10 (which also utilizes mirroring for redundant information). Certain RAID levels offer resilience, allowing them to withstand certain device failures. This article demonstrates well how to test software-based RAID systems composed of two or maybe more physical devices. So, let’s get started. Here comes the command we can use in our command-line shell to check the supported RAID configuration in our Ubuntu 20.04 system.

RAID 5:

In RAID 5, the data information is evenly distributed across all devices, and only three physical discs are required with data and integrity information sliced over each of the disks. This implies that data is divided into equal-sized pieces and dispersed logically across the matrix. The parity data is therefore gathered, split apart, and disseminated. The matrix will use the data to compute and retrieve any content that is lost if either of the hard drives fails.

The key benefits of RAID 5 are that it requires no storage for mirroring, allows data availability during restoration, and provides great information integrity. RAID 5 is suitable for applications with a moderate degree of complexity. Assume you choose to split documents in half and populate your matrix with 3 documents of equivalent length titled “A,” “B,” and “C”. In terms of protecting the information on each hard drive, we forfeit storage equivalent to one hard disc with this design. As you’ll see, when one of the drives dies, the documents seem to be either unaffected, or the parity information is available to recreate what has been lost. This is how the RAID 5 works.

DISK 1 DISK 2 DISK 3
File a1 File a2 Parity a
File b1 Parity b File b2
Parity c File c1 File c2

Advantages of RAID 5:

  • RAID 5 has a rapid read pace.
  • Because of parity, there is data redundancy.
  • The setup is in great condition.
  • A failing hard disc may be repaired quickly.
  • There is a lot of storage capacity.
  • To save downtime, disks could be hot-swapped.

Disadvantages of RAID 5:

  • When two drives crash simultaneously, all information will be lost.
  • Write rates are slowed by the parity drive.
  • Data recovery might take a long time.
  • For those unfamiliar with RAID systems, the setup might be difficult.

RAID 10:

RAID 10 is a hybrid of RAID 0 plus RAID 1, with additional disc segmentation and driving safety features. Such protection is ensured by mirroring, which creates an identical clone of every memory drive on independent mirror disks rather than gathering Parity Data. RAID 10 needs at least four devices to function, and further drives should be inserted in pairs. The matrix begins by striping information throughout storage devices and then mirroring it onto mirror disks, resulting in two identical discs. It becomes more costly as the number of discs utilized increases; the minimal number of physical discs required is four. It immediately becomes clear that no matter how several sets of discs we possess, we will only have half the storage capacity.

The benefit, on either hand, stemmed from the fact that somehow a faulty disk could be substituted easily and data transferred from yet another disc. In a common configuration and context comparable to the one described previously, we may observe something like this:

Storage Disk 1 Storage Disk 2
File a1 File a2
File b1 File b2
Mirror Disk 1 Mirror Disk 2
File a1 File a2
File b1 File b2

Advantages of RAID 10:

  • Because all processes are performed simultaneously on different drives, it has incredibly fast read and write speeds.
  • To save downtime, disks can indeed be toasty.
  • Can bounce back quickly from a failing state.
  • It does have a higher fault tolerance since it can endure the failure of several discs.

Disadvantages of RAID 10:

  • It’s costly owing to the failure of mirroring and results in wasteful storage capacity.

Comparison of RAID 5 vs RAID 10:

RAID 5 RAID 10
Storage Disks The least number of physical discs required in RAID 5 is 3. In RAID 10, the least number of physical discs required is 4.
Storage Capacity 60-70 percent, It places a strong focus on information storage. In comparison to RAID 10, it seems to have a larger capacity. 50 percent, RAID 10 prioritizes speed over storage capacity. In comparison to RAID 5, it has much less capacity.
Cost Expensive in cost Very expensive
Fault Tolerance Only a single disk can fail Multiple drives can fail
Data Recovery Possible via parity check system Possible with 100% data redundancy
Parity Check Yes (On a single Disk) No
Key Function Layering Disk drives with a Parity Testing System. Disk partitioning and replication are combined.
Dependability It is not as dependable as RAID 10. It outperforms RAID 5.
Writing Speed In comparison to RAID 10, RAID 5 has a faster writing rate. When contrasted to RAID 5, RAID 10 has a slower writing speed.

Conclusion:

This guide article has discussed the most significant distinction among these RAID tiers and how they accomplish and maintain data protection. RAID 10 just produces an identical copy of every bit of information it has, whereas RAID 5 gathers Parity Data and does computations. This implies that RAID 10 may withstand more disc outages; however, its overall storage space couldn’t ever exceed half.



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