The Copy-Item cmdlet is used to copy an item from one path to another by using the terminal support of PowerShell. This command is used for multiple purposes such as copying a file/folder, or multiple files/folders.
In this informative guide, you will learn to apply the Copy-Item cmdlet in PowerShell.
How to use Copy-Item in PowerShell?
The copy-item cmdlet is used to copy one item from one path source location to another destination path in the same namespace. The item could be a single/multiple files, folders, sub-folders, and so on.
The working of the Copy-Item cmdlet is explained in the upcoming examples:
How to copy a single file in PowerShell using Copy-Item?
Copying a single file is the basic use of the Copy-Item cmdlet in PowerShell. The following command is to copy a file from the “C:WorkFile.txt” path to the “C:Output” folder.
> copy-item -Path «C:WorkFile.txt» -Destination «C:Output»
Now, let’s verify whether the file is copied or not by running the Get-Childitem cmdlet on the “C:Output” file.
> Get-ChildItem -Path «C:Output»
The above screenshot verifies that the file is copied from the source path to the destination path successfully.
How to copy multiple folders in PowerShell using copy-item?
Copy-item cmdlet also allows you to copy multiple folders or files altogether. It saves your important time while copying. The command written below copies the items from the “C:File” and “C:Docs” to “C:abc”.
> copy-item -Path C:File,C:Docs -Destination C:abc -Recurse
Now, let’s verify the copying process by executing the “Get-ChildItem” cmdlet on the C:abc.
> Get-ChildItem -Path “C:abc”
The above process verifies that the files are copied into the “C:abc” directory.
How to copy specific files from a folder using copy-item?
Sometimes we need to copy only selected files. For this purpose, the (*) asterisk sign is used with the file names to select those files. Let’s practice this example by getting the content of the file where we will apply the Copy-Item cmdlet:
The output shows that three files are present in the “C:Test” directory.
Now, the following command copies the “docs.txt” file from the “C:Test” directory to the “C:abc” directory.
> copy-item -Path «C:Test*docs.txt» -Destination «C:abc»
The result of the command can be verified by the following Get-ChildItem cmdlet:
> Get-childitem -Path «C:abc»
The output shows that the “docs.txt” file is copied into the “C:abc”.
How to copy files other than excluded using Copy-Item?
Copy-Item can be used to copy all the files except the one you have excluded. To do so, PowerShell’s “-Exclude” parameter is used with the “Copy-Item” cmdlet. For instance, there is a folder that contains the “txt” and “PDF” files. The following command will copy the items of “C:Test*” to the “C:abc” directory excluding the “.txt” files.
> copy-item -Path «C:Test*» -Destination «C:abc» -Recurse -Exclude «*.txt»
Let’s verify the copied files:
> Get-childitem -Path «C:abc»
The output shows that only “.pdf” files are copied and the “-Exclude” flag has excluded the files other files of the source directory.
How to overwrite files and folders in PowerShell using copy-item?
Sometimes we copy files/folders from one location to another and want to overwrite the existing files. In such a case, the “Copy-Item” is applied with the “-Force” flag to replace the folder.
The following command will copy the content of the “C:Test*” directory to the “C:abc” and will overwrite the destination folder.
> copy-item -Path C:Test* -Destination C:abc -Recurse -Force
Let’s verify the process whether or not it was successful. We need to run the following command.
> Get-childitem -Path C:abc
The above image shows that the folder was successfully overwritten in the destination folder.
Congratulations! You probably have learned the basic and advanced level functionality of PowerShell’s Copy-Item.
The Copy-Item is a cmdlet used to copy files from a specific path to the other location. It supports tens of flags to perform a specific copying operation on files/folders. In this guide, the functionality of the Copy-Item cmdlet is described in detail with the help of suitable examples. The Copy-Item cmdlet is enriched with a set of parameters to perform all basic copying operations. You have learned to apply the Copy-Item cmdlet in various copying scenarios.