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The ePubs (electronic publications) is the extension of the ebooks or the electronic books, which are the digital books read on the electronic gadgets such as mobiles, tablets, as well as on the laptops, and computers. The habit of book reading has been popular since ancient times, and it is transferred from generation to generation; the only difference is the way of reading. In old times people read from books, but now they prefer to read from digital books as they are easy to download and store on the computer without occupying any physical space, so the people can easily manage their own huge collection of the books on the hard disk of the computer.

The ePubs is the format of the digital books which helps the readers to set the size of the text of the ebooks according to the display size, to bookmark, highlight, and take notes on the pages, and provide a library to manage the collection of the readers, and resizable fonts. The ePubs can be installed on the Ubuntu and other Linux distributions, and in this write-up, we are going to explore the methods by which we can read the ePubs on the Ubuntu 22.04.

How to read ePubs on Ubuntu

There are different packages that can be installed on the Ubuntu and support the format of ePubs so we can read ePubs:

  1. Calibre 
  2. FBReader
  3. Bookworm
  4. Koodo reader
  5. GNOME BOOKS

1 : Calibre

Calibre is the ebook manager that can be downloaded and installed without paying any subscription cost as it is free. It is used to manage the ebooks on the Linux distributions. Calibre can be used to read the ebooks and to download as well as read the magazines from different websites and other online platforms. Moreover, you can manage the ebooks using Calibre anywhere and at any time. The package of Calibre can be downloaded from the official website of Calibre and installed using the command:

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$ sudo v && wget nv O https://download.calibre-ebook.com/linux-installer.sh | sudo sh /dev/stdin

2 : FBReader

Next popular ePubs format supporter is FBReader, which is also an ebook reader which can be installed on the Windows, macOS, Android, iOS, and Linux distributions. The primary formats which are supported by FBReader are ePubs and fb2, but along with these, other formats like HTML, plain text, and Mobi are also supported by FBReader. The engine which is used by FBReader is owned by its own development team and is lightweight and fast.

The package of FBReader is available in the Ubuntu repository and can be installed using the command:

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$ sudo apt install fbreader y

3 : Bookworm

Bookworm is another tool that is used to read ePubs as well as other formats, including the PDF and mobi by providing a simple and highly accessible interface to its users. The Bookworm contains different tools like highlighting the passages, using text to speech, and scanning documents using the OCR (optical character recognition).

Bookworm is open source and available on GitHub, to install Bookworm, we simply first add its PPA repository using the add apt repository command:

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$ sudo addaptrepository ppa:bookwormteam/bookworm


Then update the repository using the update command:

Finally, using the apt package manager, install Bookworm’s package:

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$ sudo apt install com.github.babluboy.bookworm

4 : Koodo Reader

To read ePubs format of the ebooks, Koodo Reader is also a popular choice of many Linux users, moreover, it can be downloaded from Github and installed easily on different operating systems like Linux and Windows. The prominent features of Koodo Reader are its support for speech to text and translation.

To install Koodo Reader, we will first download its deb package:

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$ wget c https://github.com/troyeguo/koodo-reader/releases/download/v1.3.9/Koodo.Reader-1.3.9.deb


Then list down the contents to confirm the download of Koodo Reader:


Finally used the dpkg to install the deb package of Koodo Reader:

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$ sudo dpkg i Koodo.Reader1.3.9.deb

5 : GNOME BOOKS

The last popular option to read ePubs is GNOME BOOKS which is also known as BOOKS, a simple tool to manage the ebooks on GNOME, and GNOME BOOKS is included in the default repository of Ubuntu and can be installed by running the command:

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$ sudo apt install gnomebooks y

Conclusion

ePubs is a format of the ebooks similar to mobi which is used to read the downloaded ebooks and also to manage them. In this write-up, we have explored the five most popular methods by which we can read ePubs on Ubuntu 22.04.



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The Raspberry Pi is the SBC used to host an operating system. The Raspberry Pi has no internal memory, so we have to connect the storage devices like USB, micro SD card, or the SSD(Solid State Drive). The SSD drives are fast, durable, and have no sound because these drives have integrated circuit assemblies on a PCB board to store the data.

Because of their high speeds, it is recommended to use the SSD drives with the Raspberry Pi to host the operating system and for storage purposes. In this write-up, we will explore the top five SSD drives which can be used with the Raspberry Pi 4.

Best SSDs for Raspberry Pi 4

Nowadays, for better performance and speed, the trend of using hard drives is shifting from HDDs to SSDs. The best SSDs which can be used with the Raspberry Pi 4 are discussed below in detail.

1 : SAMSUNG 870 EVO SATA III SSD

This SSD is manufactured by Samsung and is recommended to you if you are concerned with large storage memory with high performance. This SSD is available from 250 GB to 4 TB, moreover,  the reading and writing speed of this SSD is 560 MB/s and 530 MB/s, respectively. You can use this SSD for different tasks like the 8k video processing. The necessary software is pre-installed on the SSD like a drive health check, performance optimization, and the encrypted drive.

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2 : SAMSUNG 870 QVO SATA III SSD

This is another recommended SSD for Raspberry Pi that is available up to 8 TB, and so now users can enjoy 8 TB storage without compromising on the performance. It also supports the TurboWrite, which accelerates the writing speed and maintains a long variable buffer with high performance. If we consider the groundbreaking capacity of the 870 QVO SATA II, then we can say that it is being improved from 1,440 TBW to up to 2,880 TBW.

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3 : SanDisk 3D SATA III SSD

The users who are working on the development of different software, as well as the ones who are using the Raspberry Pi for playing games, are suggested to go for the Sandisk 3D SATA III because of its high performance. The trascendental features of this drive are the SATA III 6 GB/s interfaces, nCache 2.0 Technology, and the support of 3D NAND Technology.

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4 : Crucial MX500 SSD

Another SSD drive that is available in sizes up to 500 GB was released by the Crucial. If we talk about the physical features of the SSD then we can say that it has a form multiplicador of 2.5″/7mm, and reading and writing speeds are Up to 560 MB/s and 510 MB/s respectively. The unique features of this drive are it contains the AES-256 encryption and Opal 2.0 for securing the sensitive data stored on the SSD, moreover, for backing up your stored data on the SSD, it provides the Acronis True Image software.

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5 : ORICO GV100 SSD

This SSD is made up of Aluminum alloy, and the ABS plastic having dimensions of 96*30*9.9 mm is a USB-like SSD released by ORICO. It is an NVME SSD that has a data transfer speed of 940MB/, and the data consists of 4K videos, high-resolution photos, games, and film. Moreover, it can be connected to the C-C type ports and C- A type data cables and can be connected with the Raspberry Pi without installing any software, just plug and play.

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Conclusion

The SSD drives are more expensive than the HDD drives in respect of the price, but they are of high performance, high durability, and are more reliable than the HDD drives. In this article, the top five best SSD are explored with their prominent specifications, which can be used with the Raspberry Pi.



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